Urhobo people

The Urhobo people hail from Delta State Nigeria. With a population of about four million people, the Urhobo people are the 5th largest ethnic group in Nigeria. In traditional African political organization, the Urhobo nation consists of twenty-two autonomous republics or clans with a common ancestral origin.

The word Urhobo refers to a group of people rather than a territory.They have a social and cultural affinity to the Edo people of Nigeria. The Urhobo people live in the Southern Nigeria, near the northwestern Niger Delta. The Urhobo territory bounded by latitudes 6°and 5°, 15° North and Longitudes 5°, 40° and 6°, 25° East in the Delta and the Bayelsa States of Nigeria. Their neighbors are the Isoko to the Southeast, the Itsekiri and Ijaw to the West, the Edo people, Bini, to the North, the Ijaw to the South and the Ukwuani people (to the Northeast). Urhobo territory consists of evergreen forests with many oil palm trees. The territory is covered by a network of streams, whose volume and flow are directly affected by the seasons.

The Clans in Urhobo Land

  • Agbarha
  • Ogor
  • Agbarha-Ame (Agbassa)
  • Okere
  • Agbarho
  • Okparabe
  • Agbon Okpe
  • Arhavwarien
  • Olomu
  • Avwraka
  • Orogun
  • Eghwu
  • Udu
  • Ephron-oto
  • Ughelli
  • Evwreni
  • Ughievwen
  • Idjerhe
  • Ughwerun
  • Oghara Uvwie
  • Over the millennium, the Urhobos developed into various clans based on language dialects and formed settlements. While the Urhobo people speak a universal Urhobo language, some clans speak different dialects, which may not be understood by other Urhobos. The respective clans constitute the Urhobo nation, a giant force in the Delta area of Nigeria and the African continent.

    As a people, the Urhobos can be found in all walks of life; they are adventurous individuals driven by their quest for economic and political empowerment


    Depending on the clan and the system of administration, the king or clan head may be called the Ovie ,Orodje, Osuivie, Okobaro, Okpako or Okpara-Uku. In some clans the king's title is hereditary.


    Much of the oil production in Nigerias comes from Urhoboland where many earn a living in the production of cash crops like rubber, palm oil, and kernel. In addition, the Urhobos create ingenious works of art, including carvings and paintings, some of which the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art displays in Washington, D.C.

    Additional information

    You can find additional information about the Urhobo people and the Urhobo region on Wikipedia

    The Urhobo People